New Delhi, Sep 30 : Newborn babies are bundles of joy for every parent. However, taking care of them is not just exciting but challenging as well. Their laughter brings happiness to everyone around, and their cries fill the atmosphere with a sense of urgency.

When a baby experiences discomfort, it is difficult for her to express it, which makes it important for parents to understand her needs. Babies are prone to skin problems and common health issues like chest congestion and fever, and digestive problems like gas and colic. Hence, keeping a close watch and looking out for signs that indicate digestive discomfort can go a long way in getting rid of the problem quickly and easily.

One of the main causes of frequent digestive problems is a baby's immature digestive system. The initial three years of life are the most crucial for its growth and development, and the digestive system plays a vital role. A baby's ability to eat and digest food is essential for growth and development. A healthy digestion supports healthy growth in babies and goes a long way in their overall well-being.

Doctor Hariprasad, Research Scientist (R&D), The Himalaya Drug Company, shares a few simple ways you can help relieve digestive disturbances in babies.

Frequent meals: Feed the baby in small quantities at frequent intervals. Ensure that he or she consumes enough liquids to digest the food. It is advisable to feed the baby every two hours for the first few months.

Pat on the back: A gentle pat on the back after each feed helps reduce gaseous distension. Stomach cramps are caused due to gas build-up during digestion. Feed slowly, holding baby upright throughout the feeding and for some more time post-feeding. Ensure you burp your baby at regular intervals during feeding to get rid of the gas in the stomach.

Avoid caffeine: While breastfeeding your baby, avoid excessive amount of caffeine in your diet, but consume cow's milk and other dairy products with heavy milk protein. Also, avoid consuming spicy food and foods that cause gas trouble. Nursing mothers should avoid foods that might cause allergies, as baby is likely to develop allergic reactions as well.

Regular check-ups: This can evaluate any underlying digestive problems.

When it comes to medication, it is advisable to use medicines that have herbal ingredients which help combat gastrointestinal disorders in babies. Bonnisan, with ingredients such as dill oil, guduchi, and amalaki (Indian gooseberry), helps regularise bowel movements and control flatulence, colic pain, and other digestive disturbances.

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Thiruvananthapuram: Authorities in coastal areas of Kerala have been put on high alert after an intelligence report said 15 Islamic State terrorists had set off from Sri Lanka for the Lakshadweep islands on boats, police sources said.

Coastal police stations and police chiefs have been alerted about suspicious vessels. The sources said, though, such alerts are "usual practice", this time they have a specific information about the number of terrorists.

The coastal police department said it has been on alert since May 23 after the intelligence input came from Sri Lanka.

"We have been on alert since the Sri Lankan attack. We have alerted fishing vessel owners and others venturing into the sea to be cautious," a coastal police department official told PTI.

After the serial bomb blasts in Sri Lanka, Kerala was put on alert, especially after NIA investigations revealed that IS operatives had planned attacks in the state.