New Delhi, Sep 30 : Newborn babies are bundles of joy for every parent. However, taking care of them is not just exciting but challenging as well. Their laughter brings happiness to everyone around, and their cries fill the atmosphere with a sense of urgency.

When a baby experiences discomfort, it is difficult for her to express it, which makes it important for parents to understand her needs. Babies are prone to skin problems and common health issues like chest congestion and fever, and digestive problems like gas and colic. Hence, keeping a close watch and looking out for signs that indicate digestive discomfort can go a long way in getting rid of the problem quickly and easily.

One of the main causes of frequent digestive problems is a baby's immature digestive system. The initial three years of life are the most crucial for its growth and development, and the digestive system plays a vital role. A baby's ability to eat and digest food is essential for growth and development. A healthy digestion supports healthy growth in babies and goes a long way in their overall well-being.

Doctor Hariprasad, Research Scientist (R&D), The Himalaya Drug Company, shares a few simple ways you can help relieve digestive disturbances in babies.

Frequent meals: Feed the baby in small quantities at frequent intervals. Ensure that he or she consumes enough liquids to digest the food. It is advisable to feed the baby every two hours for the first few months.

Pat on the back: A gentle pat on the back after each feed helps reduce gaseous distension. Stomach cramps are caused due to gas build-up during digestion. Feed slowly, holding baby upright throughout the feeding and for some more time post-feeding. Ensure you burp your baby at regular intervals during feeding to get rid of the gas in the stomach.

Avoid caffeine: While breastfeeding your baby, avoid excessive amount of caffeine in your diet, but consume cow's milk and other dairy products with heavy milk protein. Also, avoid consuming spicy food and foods that cause gas trouble. Nursing mothers should avoid foods that might cause allergies, as baby is likely to develop allergic reactions as well.

Regular check-ups: This can evaluate any underlying digestive problems.

When it comes to medication, it is advisable to use medicines that have herbal ingredients which help combat gastrointestinal disorders in babies. Bonnisan, with ingredients such as dill oil, guduchi, and amalaki (Indian gooseberry), helps regularise bowel movements and control flatulence, colic pain, and other digestive disturbances.

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New Delhi, Dec 11: The Supreme Court said on Tuesday that if there is a "common thread" among the murders of social activists Narendra Dabholkar, Govind Pansare, journalist Gauri Lankesh and rationalist M M Kalburgi, then one agency can investigate all the four cases.

A bench of Justices U U Lalit and Navin Sinha asked the CBI to inform it by January first week as to why it should not investigate all the four cases if there appears a link among all the murders.

The counsel for the Maharashtra government informed the court that the CBI is investigating the murder cases of social activist and professor Narendra Dabholkar after the Bombay High Court transferred the probes to the agency.

The court, after perusing the status report of the Karnataka Police, said there appears to be a link between the murders of journalist Gauri Lankesh and rationalist M.M Kalburgi.

It asked the Maharashtra government's counsel about the status of the investigation into the Pansare murder case, to which the counsel said the case was pending before the Kolhapur trial court.

Earlier in the day, the Karnataka Police had informed the apex court that there appears to be a connection between Lankesh and Kalburgi murder cases.

The state police also told the apex court that it will file a chargesheet in the Kalburgi murder case in three months.

Noted scholar Kalburgi was killed at Dharwad in 2015. Pansare was also killed the same year. Lankesh was shot dead on September 5, 2017 in Bengaluru, whereas rationalist Dabholkar was assassinated on August 20, 2013.

The top court on November 26 had pulled up the Karnataka government for "doing nothing and just fooling around" in the investigation and had indicated that it may transfer the case to the Bombay High Court.

The top court had on January 10 sought the response of probe agencies NIA and CBI and the two state governments on the allegation of Uma Devi that no substantial investigation has been carried out so far in the murder case.

Kalburgi's wife, in her petition, had alleged that there was common link between the murder of her husband and that of activists Narendra Achyut Dabholkar and Govindrao Pansare, who too were assassinated in August 2013 and February 2015 respectively.

The 77-year old Kalburgi, the former vice chancellor of Hampi University and a well-known epigraphist, was shot dead in broad daylight at his residence in Kalyan Nagar in Dharwad, Karnataka, on August 30, 2015. Born in 1938, he was a Sahitya Akademi award-winning writer of old Kannada literature.