The Army Day celebration, which takes place on January 15 each year, will be hosted in Bengaluru for the first time this calendar year. Additionally, this year marks the first time that Army Day, which is currently in its 75th year, will be celebrated in a location other than the nation's capital.

Major General Ravi Murugan, who serves as the General Officer Commanding (GOC) for the Karnataka and Kerala sub region, revealed to the media at the Madras Engineering Group (MEG) & Centre in Bengaluru that the Union Defense Minister Rajnath Singh will be the primary guest at the event. He mentioned that the MEG & Centre will be the location of the Army Day parade and will function in that capacity. 

There will be eight marching contingents, one of which will be an Army Service Corps horse-mounted contingent. Additionally, there will be a military band that will be comprised of five regimental brass bands. Each of these contingents symbolises a different regiment, each of which has an illustrious history and unique traditions. As part of its support for the Army Day Parade, Army Aviation's Dhruv and Rudra helicopters will execute a fly-by.

Army Day celebrations 

On January 15, 1949, Field Marshal Kodandera M. Cariappa succeeded General Francis Butcher as the final Commander-in-Chief of the British Army. As a result of this promotion, Field Marshal Cariappa became the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army. In his honour, the celebration of Indian Army Day takes place every year on this day. 

Parades, the awarding of medals, and military and cultural performances are all part of the celebrations in New Delhi and at other Army Command headquarters on this day.

In 1945, India attained its status as a sovereign nation, more than two centuries after achieving independence from British dominance. Because of the large number of Pakistani refugees and migrants entering the country at the time, there was tremendous instability and unrest across the nation.

An intervention by the military was required due to the administrative instability to handle the situation and establish peace during the country's partition. At this juncture,  Field Marshal Kodandera M. Cariappa was made in charge of the country's military.

In 1899, Field Marshall Cariappa was born in the Indian state of Karnataka. His father, Madappa, worked in the revenue department at one point in time. Along with Sam Manekshaw, Cariappa was one of the army officers who was promoted to the rank of Five-Star Field Marshal after achieving that rank. In addition to being the first Indian commander-in-chief and one of the army's five-star generals, Cariappa's history also includes the fact that he was one of the first members to join the Indian Air Force when it was originally established.

Army Career

Field Marshal Cariappa graduated on December 1, 1919, and was granted a temporary commission. A permanent commission was issued on September 9, 1922, with an effective date of July 17, 1920. This was done to lower the status of Field Marshal Cariappa relative to British officers who graduated from Sandhurst on July 16 1920. In May of 1920, he was transferred to the 2/125 Napier Rifles, which relocated to Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq). In June 1922, Field Marshal Cariappa was assigned to the 7th Prince of Wales Own Dogra Regiment upon his return to India. Field Marshal Cariappa was assigned to the 1/7 Rajputs regiment in June 1923, which became his permanent home regiment.

In 1925, Field Marshal Cariappa toured Europe, the United States, Japan, and China, among other places. The visit proved instructive for him as he encountered a large number of military and civilians from many countries. While stationed in Fatehgarh, a British officer's wife gave him the moniker " *Kipper* ," which Field Marshal Cariappa found difficult to pronounce. Field Marshal Cariappa was promoted to captain in 1927, but the promotion was not publicly announced until 1931.

In 1947, Field Marshal Cariappa was the first Indian to enrol in a training programme at the Imperial Defence College in Camberly, United Kingdom. Field Marshal Cariappa was appointed as the Deputy Chief of General Staff with the rank of Major General upon India's independence. Upon the commencement of the war in Pakistan, he was promoted to Eastern Army Commander and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Western Command.

During the 1947 Indo-Pakistan War, he commanded the country's western forces before being promoted to Army Chief. He played a vital part in retaking numerous Kargil territories, which was a great accomplishment. 

Field Marshal Cariappa stepped down from his position as commander-in-chief on January 14, 1953, having served in that capacity for four years. Before his retirement, he paid a farewell visit to the Rajput Regimental Centre, the home of his parent regiment, the Rajput Regiment. After he retired, he took up the role of Indian high commissioner to Australia and New Zealand and remained in that position until 1956.

Personal life

In March of 1937, he wed Muthu Machia, whose father was a forest official in Secunderabad. Muthu Machia's father was a forest officer. Together, they have a son and a daughter. His son, Air Marshal K. C. 'Nanda' Cariappa , is a former officer in the Indian Air Force.

The " Order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Legion of Merit " was bestowed on him as a symbol of recognition. In 1993, he reached 94 when he passed away in Bangalore. The efforts of this Man of Principals are being recognised via the celebration of Indian Army Day. He was revered for the compassion and self-control for which he was known. Through his selfless acts of patriotism, he served as a model for many generations.

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New Delhi, Jun 12: Sixty-three cases of students using unfair means were reported in NEET-UG out of whom 23 have been debarred for varying periods, NTA officials said Wednesday, but reiterated the sanctity of the medical entrance exam hasn't been compromised and there has been no paper leak.

The result of the remaining 40 candidates who were found using unfair means have been withheld, NTA DG Subodh Kumar Singh told PTI.

"A committee was constituted consisting of three eminent experts in field of examination and academics to put forward different types of cases reported such as impersonation, cheating and tampering with OMR sheet," NTA DG Subodh Kumar Singh told PTI.

"On recommendations of the panel, 12 candidates were debarred from taking the exam for three years, nine candidates debarred for two years and two candidate for one year each. The result of remaining candidates has been withheld. The panel had given recommendations for each case," Singh added.

The total number of cases of usage of unfair means was 63, he said.

The agency is under criticism amid allegations of irregularities and inflation of marks in the crucial medical entrance exam.

The matter has also reached the top court which said on Tuesday the sanctity of the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test-Undergraduate (NEET-UG), 2024 has been affected and sought responses from the Centre and the National Testing Agency (NTA) on another plea seeking holding of the examination afresh on grounds of alleged question paper leak and other malpractices.

Amid fire from protesting students and opposition parties, the Education Ministry had last week set up a four-member panel to review the grace marks awarded to 1,563 students to compensate them for loss of time due to delay in starting examination at certain centres.

"The panel is yet to submit its report. Depending upon the panel's recommendations, either a retest will be conducted for nearly 1,600 students or an alternate mechanism may be devised to ensure no candidate faces any disadvantage," he said.

Asked about allegations of marks inflation due to which 67 candidates have bagged top rank, Singh said, out of 67 candidates who got 720 out of 720 marks, 44 candidates received marks on account of revision of answer key of physics and 6 on account of loss of time.

"Only two candidates who got grace marks have received 718 and 719 marks," he clarified.